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The hurricane-speed winds over Lake Michigan actually dragged a lot of water to the Michigan side of the lake, causing a phenomenon called a seiche, where water in a contained body like a lake or pool sloshes back and forth, pushing abnormally high waves onto either shore as the wave keeps crossing. Think of the sloshing on a trip from stove to sink when you're draining a pot of boiling pasta, or a very pronounced tide in a body of water that doesn't experience tides.
Eventually the lake settles back down, but it can be a bumpy ride. According to the Encyclopedia of Chicago, eight people drowned from a particularly vicious seiche in 1954; seven were swept off Montrose Beach and one off North Avenue Bridge. You can see what happens to water levels here.
Today's seiche wasn't too bad in Chicago—two feet, per the National Weather Service, which did issue a warning until 1 PM—but it won't be safe to swim in the lake in Grand Haven
Rapids, Michigan, until 8 o'clock tonight. For a guy talking to his computer, this YouTuber actually explains it very well:
To see sloshing of a very different kind, watch ComEd deal with complaints in real time on its Twitter page.
[pic via the National Weather Service]