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Numerous films in the Masterpieces of Polish Cinema series dealt with abuses of the Communist government, but they generally did so obliquely. Filmmakers would comment on contemporary ills by transposing them onto stories set in the distant past (as in Jerzy Kawalerowicz's Pharaoh) or by telling allegorical stories about power dynamics in personal relationships (as in Kryzstof Zanussi's Camouflage). Andrzej Wajda's Man of Marble (1976), which addressed the propaganda campaigns of the Stalin years, is widely recognized as a breakthrough in terms of what Polish films could present, opening the door for more critical examinations of recent national history. In the fallout of the Solidarity movement, however, that door would be closed again until the end of the 1980s.
The belated release of Interrogation marked the beginning of a new era for Polish film. One could say this era is still going strong, as filmmakers continue to explore aspects of Polish life from the 40s through the 80s that had been off-limits to them before. The recent successes Aftermath and Ida are the two latest examples of what might be called the Polish cinema of reclamation.