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Need CPR in a hurry? Live in an integrated neighborhood. That's the message from a study of 4,379 people who'd suffered a cardiac arrest and were cared for by Chicago's Emergency Medical Services system during 1987 and 1988, published in the October issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine. People who suffered cardiac arrests in neighborhoods where arrests are relatively frequent and people in racially integrated neighborhoods were more likely to get help from a bystander than people in predominantly white neighborhoods. University of Chicago medical student and lead researcher Jack Iwashyna described this as "the first report of a negative health effect of living in a segregated white neighborhood."

The good news is that communism is over. According to a recent press release from the Chicago-based American Bar Association, "Today there are more than 100,000 lawyers in China....Things have changed dramatically from 20 years ago, when there were only 2,500."

Too many acronyms. The BlueCross BlueShield of Illinois newsletter "Managing Your Health" (Fall) asks the rather startling question, "Which PCP is right for you?" Of course they mean "primary care physician," not the illegal drug phencyclidine or pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

"I find wholly unconvincing Eskridge's argument that 'sodomy laws are classic censorship' because oral and anal sex are modes of self-expression," writes Richard Posner, chief judge of the seventh circuit court, reviewing William Eskridge's Gaylaw in the New Republic (October 11). "This argument would make rape presumptively protected by the First Amendment, and it illustrates why laypeople are often correct in finding legal arguments absurd."

As others see us. According to the Sierra Club's recent "sprawl report," Illinois is 3rd among states in open-space protection, 9th in transportation planning, 24th in community revitalization, and 26th in land-use planning. And while we're at it, Zero Population Growth ranked 25 major cities for "kid friendliness" and put Chicago 18th. Among ZPG's criteria is population change; for them, the less the better, so places that are either losing or gaining a lot of people were downgraded. No word yet from kids on how they feel about this (

"Obviously, there are not enough cabs in Chicago," says Anthony Pagano of the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Metropolitan Transportation Association in the DePaul University Chaddick Institute report, "Private Opinions: Professional Views on the Privatization of Public Transit Services in Metropolitan Chicago" (Summer). "That is very, very clear on a rainy day or any kind of bad weather....Another issue is suburban cab service. Right now we have a system where a suburban cab picks up someone in the suburbs and brings that person into the city and is prohibited by law from picking up anyone in the city. They have to drive back empty. Not only is this a waste of the cab and cabbie, but also a waste of fuel, creating problems for the environment....So, there are some things that need to be done, but total, complete deregulation? I don't think that is the way to go."

Nineteen clicks wide--that's the average diameter of the World Wide Web, according to researchers from Notre Dame's physics department, who write in a recent issue of Nature that "two randomly chosen documents on the web are on average 19 clicks away from each other." Even though the Web now contains at least 800 million documents and is expected to increase 1000 percent in size in the next few years, that increase will increase the average diameter--according to this measure--only from 19 clicks to 21.

No word so far on whether the mayor is also building an ark. According to the city's official information on the Chicago Millennium Celebration (, on New Year's Eve the city will be "the site of an unprecedented international event....Two guests from every country in the world will travel to Chicago to join Mayor Daley for a gala celebration at McCormick Place."

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