Frank Beyer's 1963 East German film, written by Buchenwald survivor Bruno Apitz, effectively presents the camp's brutal conditions. Set during the last year of the war, it shows SS officials wondering how to proceed now that the war is lost and prisoners debating a possible rebellion. A young boy is smuggled in and hidden by the prisoners, but relying on the natural appeal of a child seems like an easy choice for a Holocaust film, and Beyer shows little visual sensitivity in depicting the camp?s architecture and the horrors the prisoners endure. Despite a few references to Jews, the film gives the false impression—as did most communist-bloc memorials to the Holocaust—that the principal victims were communists. With Armin Mueller-Stahl.