Two short films featuring Sun Ra, the avant-garde jazz artist whose big band the Arkestra got its start in Chicago. In John Coney's video Space Is the Place (1974, 63 min.), Sun Ra turns up in Oakland after years in outer space, rapping with ghetto youths and playing cards with the devil. Its lighthearted surrealist high jinks, dressed up with SF trappings and black-power rhetoric, make for pleasant enough viewing, but the music seems strictly incidental. In contrast, the music in Edward O. Bland's eccentric Chicago-made short Cry of Jazz (1959, 31 min.) is absolutely essential. The paradox here is that Bland's film centers on jazz and needs various kinds of performance to illustrate its points, yet what's being played is only adequate; if the music were good enough to distract one from the talk, the film wouldn't work as well. Lucid and provocative, this is recommended viewing for any jazz novice, one of the best social readings of jazz form I know.