What's the straight dope on speed reading? Evelyn Wood commercials in the late 70s showed people casually zipping through impressive-looking tomes, apparently having benefited from one of Evy's speed-reading courses. The concept, as I recall it, was that one learned to read not word-by-word but line-by-line and eventually paragraph-by-paragraph. It was claimed that in spite of the breakneck speeds you would "achieve a higher level of comprehension." It all seemed a bit implausible at the time. Anyway, speed reading seemed to disappear until recently, when it was reintroduced on those late night mail order "infomercials." What's the scoop? --John Ashborne, Chicago
It's not a complete scam, if that's what you're thinking. But the benefits have been exaggerated. Speed reading is what you might call the Ronald Reagan approach to reading--you get the text's general drift while remaining largely innocent of the details, sometimes embarrassingly so. Several trained speed readers were once asked to read a doctored text in which the even-numbered lines came from one source and the odd-numbered lines from another. The speed readers read the material three times (average speed: 1,700 words per minute) and claimed to understand it--but never noticed it consisted of two separate passages mixed together.
Claims that speed readers comprehend just as well as ordinary readers are probably spurious. In one early comprehension test speed readers scored a seemingly respectable 68 percent. But it turned out the test was so easy that people who had never read the material at all scored 57 percent.
To find out the truth about speed reading we turn to researchers Marcel Just, Patricia Carpenter, and Michael Masson, all spiritual graduates of the Cecil Adams Cut-the-Comedy School of Scientific Investigation. Just and company tested three groups: speed readers, normal readers, and "skimmers"--that is, people who were told to read rapidly but had no special training.
The researchers found that the speed readers read a little faster than the skimmers (700 wpm versus 600 wpm) and much faster than the normal readers (240 wpm). But the speed readers' comprehension was invariably worse, often a lot worse, than that of the normal readers. What's more, the speed readers outcomprehended the skimmers only when asked general questions about easy material. When asked about details or difficult material, the skimmers and speed readers tested equally poorly.
Conclusion: speed reading might help you read TV cue cards faster, but for the kind of technical stuff S-R boosters want us to read faster so we can whomp the Japanese it's pretty useless. Reading seems to be like losing weight--there's just no fast 'n' easy way to do it. For more, see The Psychology of Reading and Language Comprehension, 1987.
You are really cool when it comes to blowing the cobwebs off old words and phrases and telling us what they mean. But can you do the same with some new stuff? What does "funky" really mean? I don't think your most unabridged tome will have an answer. You may have to ask Don Cornelius. --Roger Knipp, Dallas
Thanks for the advice, son, but you're dealing with a professional. It seems clear funky originally meant smelly. The question is, smelling of what? The Oxford English Dictionary takes the demure view that funky meant "moldy," although it notes that "funk" has often been used to mean tobacco smoke and may derive from the Latin fumar, to smoke. By one account funky was applied to the smoky interior of jazz clubs and the somewhat ripe smell of the denizens thereof, from there was extended to the music, and finally acquired its current meaning of "hip in a down-and-dirty sort of way." (Funk, by the way, dates back to 1623--new it ain't.)
That's the family-newspaper version. A less respectable view has it that funk is "the pungent odor given off by the sexually aroused female" (The Dictionary of the Teenage Revolution and Its Aftermath, 1983). Believe what you will. I take no sides.
Art accompanying story in printed newspaper (not available in this archive): illustration/Slug Signorino.